Import and Export Start Menu Layouts

Here’s how you import and export Start Menu Layouts in Windows…

1. Open PowerShell as Administrator

2. Run the Export command, you can use whatever path you like, lets keep it simple..

Export-StartLayout -LiteralPath C:\StartLayout.xml

3. You can then import your layout on to another Device or just restore it later.

Import-StartLayout -LiteralPath C:\StartLayout.xml

Very simple.

Removing Troublesome Windows Store Apps

If you’re having trouble with a Windows Store app, and are unable to remove it in the usual way you can use PowerShell.

1. First you’ll need the “PackageFullName”, that’s easy enough, I’ll use PhotoshopExpress as an example…
Open PowerShell as Administrator and run…

Get-AppxPackage –Name *Photoshop*

2. You will see lots of information on the package including the “PackageFullname”.


3. Now we need to run the remove command…

Remove-AppxPackage AdobeSystemsIncorporated.AdobePhotoshopExpress_1.3.0.68_x64__ynb6jyjzte8ga

The App should now be removed from your system.

Change EFS Public Key Policy

If you feel the standard EFS Certificate is not good enough you can change the type and public key size…

RSA Options
2048Bit SHA1 (Default)
4096Bit SHA1
8192Bit SHA1
16384Bit SHA1

ECC Options
256Bit SHA256
384Bit SHA384
521Bit SHA512

To do this go to…

Control Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Local Security Policy

And browse to

Public Key Policies -> Encrypting File System

Local Security Policy

Right click on the folder “Encrypting File System” and click Properties, which opens this windows…


Change “File Encryption using Encrypting File System (EFS)” from “Not Defined” to “Allow” and change “Elliptic Curve Cryptography” to “Allow”. If you want to create a ECC certificate this must be set to “Require”.

Now click on the Certificates tab…


You should see the above window, here you can select the public key size of both RSA and ECC certificates.
Once you have selected what you want click Apply and Ok to close the window.

To create your new certificate follow this guide making sure you update your previously encrypted files so they are encrypted with your new certificate.


Add Encrypt to Context Menus

Here’s how you add Encrypt and Decrypt to right-click context menus to make using EFS easier.

1. Open the Start Menu and search for regedit or

Open Start Menu -> Run -> regedit

If prompted by UAC then click yes

2. In regedit go to


i) In the right pane of Advanced right click on an empty space and click New DWORD (32Bit) and name EncryptionContextMenu and press Enter.

ii) Now in the right pane right click on EncryptionContextMenu and click Modify and enter 1 in Value Data


And close regedit.

To remove, just delete the EncryptionContextMenu DWORD (32bit) entry in the right pane.

Setting up EFS

Here’s how you set up EFS (Encrypting File System) on Windows 7 through to 10, so you can encrypt files and folders.
Go to…

Control Panel -> User Accounts

In the left hand pane you will see “Manage your file encryption certificates” and click.
In the new window click next, here you can select and create EFS certificates.
Select create new, then the first option A self-signed certificate stored on my computer and next.
You will now see your certificate has been created

Current Certificate: Issued to: Your_Username

Now select a backup location, I suggest you store it on a different partition to Windows. And add a password, you will be asked for this password when you install it on a different PC or new windows install.

Click next and you will have the option to update previously encrypted files, since none are encrypted you can select “I’ll update my files later”, and you are done.

Backing up your EFS certificate later

You can always backup/export your certificate at a later date by going to

Control Panel -> Internet Options -> Content -> Certificates -> Personal

Select your EFS certificate and export, with password and private key.

Using EFS

To encrypt a file or folder, right click on the folder or file you want to encrypt and select properties. and advanced select encrypt contents to secure data click ok and then apply. Your folder is now encrypted, and will have a green font.

We will show you how to add Encrypt and Decrypt to File Explorer Right-Click context menu in an up-coming post.